Volvo BL60 Backhoe loader - features & benefits

1897 – Crude-oil engine

Due to criticism regarding the 1893 combustion engine, Bolinders engaged an engineering consultant by the name of Rundlöv who designed a two-stroke crude-oil engine that was presented in 1897. It was very well received and had in the 1920's a global market share of around 80% as a fishing-boat engine.

(Some 15 years later, Munktell's also started developing crude-oil engines that were in production right up to 1953. Today, they are considered wonders of reliability and fuel economy.)

Towards the end of the 19th century, several manufacturers were busy developing crude oil engines. Successively the crude-oil engine replaced the steam engine as a main power source where lighter power packs were needed.

With the development of diesel engines, however, the crude-oil engine got out of date.